The roles of the Estonian University of Life Sciences are to undertake internationally acknowledged science and research, to carry out innovative activities, to provide science based academic education and promote life-long learning. The institutes have the same tasks.

Several different areas were merged into one institute when the Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences was established. This created excellent opportunities for cooperation and the results of which are the new integrated curricula (nature tourism, management of urban and industrial landscapes) and a number of joint  scientific projects.